Good to Know

Hard Chrome Replacement

Your search for the ideal hard chrome replacement is over.

Our proprietary coatings can provide your products with the same or greater level of protection without the health and environmental concerns.

chromium replacement


Chromium is prized for its looks as well as its performance, especially its high resistance to corrosion and oxidation. Chromium is primarily used as chrome plating and in metal alloys, such as stainless steel. It occurs naturally as chromate ore (FeCr2O4) and is found around the world in countries such as South Africa, Turkey, India, Kazakhstan, and others.  

Although there are many benefits to chromium, the use of chromium brings with it many concerns.
hard chrome replacement
chromium environmental impact
replace chromium

Environmental Concerns

The process of hard chrome plating involves the use of toxic hexavalent chromium compounds, which can pose significant environmental and health risks. These compounds are carcinogenic and can also lead to pollution of air, water, and soil. Many countries have strict regulations on the use and disposal of hexavalent chromium, making it increasingly challenging to comply with environmental standards.
chromium environmental concerns
Chromium Electroplating - US EPA
chromium environmental concerns
Chromium Contamination - Science Direct
chromium health concerns

Health Concerns

Hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) compounds used in hard chrome plating are hazardous to human health. According to OSHA hexavalent chromium is known to cause cancer, typically in the form of lung cancer, nasal cancer, or sinus cancer. Chrome is typically applied using one of two processes, electroplating or anodizing. A mist is generated during electroplating or anodizing processes which contains Cr(VI). It’s through this mist that workers are exposed to hexavalent chromium either through inhalation or skin contact.
Who might be exposed to hexavalent chromium?
  • Those who perform “Hot Work” – Welders and grinders working with stainless steel and other chromium containing metals
  • Those who perform electroplating (Hard Chrome or Decorative / bright)
  • Those exposed to anodizing
chromium environmental concerns
OSHA Fact Sheet - Controlling Hexavalent Chromium Exposures during Electroplating
chromium lung cancer
chromium regulations

Regulations & Restrictions

Due to the environmental and health concerns associated with hexavalent chromium, regulatory agencies have been tightening restrictions on its use. This can lead to increased compliance costs and potential limitations on the use of hard chrome plating in certain industries and has been a primary driver of chrome replacement.
The European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) includes hexavalent chromium in its list of substances of very high concern (SVHC). ECHA determines whether the risks associated with a certain chemical can be safely managed. REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction), which is a European Union regulation, has been enforced since June 1st, 2007, and seeks to protect human health and the environment from the potential risks of chemical substances. REACH regulates chemical use based upon evaluations and recommendations from ECHA and produces a list of prohibited substances in Annex XVII.
chromium environmental concerns
REACH Annex XVII Substances List
Although Chromium isn’t prohibited in the US, its use is regulated by several organizations and agencies. As mentioned above, OSHA provides workplace guidelines to limit chromium exposure. NIOSH also provides recommendations to reduce the risks of chromium exposure.
chromium environmental concerns
Chromium Toxicity: What are the Standards and Regulations for Chromium Exposure? - CDC
The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) regulates chromium emissions into the air under the Clean Air Act of 1990. The EPA also restricts the amount of total chromium contaminant in drinking water to 100 μg/L.
diamond-like carbon coating, DLC coating

The Solution

Replace chrome plating with a better protective coating. Our P51+TM DLC (Diamond-Like Carbon) coating is an ideal replacement for hard chrome.
eco-friendly pvd process
Eco-Friendly Process
Our coating process doesn't produce by-products harmful to human health or the environment.
United Protective Technologies provides premium high-performance dlc coatings
Increased Hardness
P51+TM DLC: 1700 - 2300 HV
Hard Chrome: 750 - 1050 HV
low coefficient of friction coating
Super-low Friction
wear resistant nanocomposite coating
Wear Resistant
corrosion resistant
Corrosion Resistant
We’ve spent over two decades engineering superior surface protection. Backed by a world class R&D department, we continue to develop breakthroughs so that our clients are always on the cutting edge of surface technology.
If you’re stuck in the past, we can guide you into the future. Our solutions team can help you discover your perfect chrome replacement.
Speak with an Expert
Download our P51+TM One-Pager
upt iso 9001:2015 certification
ISO 9001:2015 Certificate issued by Orion Registrar, Inc.
valve ball coated with diamond-like carbon coating. valves, ball valves, Kelly valves
Valve Ball coated with P51+TM